The international intervention in Afghanistan started in October 2001. The aim was not only to bring down the Taliban regime, but to capture Osama Ben Laden, the leader of al-Qaida, and to save women from the fundamentalists. During more than a decade of international presence, billions of dollars have been invested in Afghanistan and nearly fifty countries have deployed international forces to Afghanistan. Now, it is time to leave. The majority of the countries are packing and they planning to reduce drastically their budget in Afghanistan in the forthcoming years. But, what are we leaving behind? What is the legacy of the international community after more than twelve years? Did we succeed in building a sustainable state? These are only some of the questions that will be explored at the conference.